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SOLO verbs

In a learning objective, the verb describes at what level the student is expected to be able to reflect on a given topic. Below is a list of verbs that you can use when creating learning objectives.

It has to be possible to observe when the student meets the learning objective. Therefore, action verbs are used – you should avoid using verbs such as master, understand, and so forth.

The list based on an analysis by Claus Brabrand made in 2008 of the verbs used to describe learning objectives at the Faculty of Science, AU. For those especially interested, there is a list of all verbs

Verb, Danish

Verb, English

Verb, Danish

Verb, English

(non-action verbs)

1 Prestructural verbs (not applicable)

beherske

master

dokumentere

document

forstå

understand

deltage i

participate in

indsigt i

have knowledge…

formidle

communicate

tilegne

acquire

producere

produce

observere

observe

skrive

write

være i stand til

be able to…

præsentere

present

 

 

 

 

2 Uni-structural

3 Multi-structural

angive

mention

beskrive

describe, list

beregne

compute, calculate

bygge

build

bestemme

determine

formulere

formulate

definere

define

karakterisere

characterize

gengive

quote, recite

kombinere

combine

identificere

identify

løse

solve

indsamle

collect

redegøre

explain

kalibrere

calibrate

sammensætte

compose

opstille

establish

udtrykke

express

referere

refer

verificere

verify

registrere

register

vise

show

skitsere

outline

resumere

sum up

udpege

point out

rapportere

report

udvælge

select

bearbejde

work up

måle

measure

bevise

prove

optegne

sketch

simulere

simulate

danne

form

anvende

apply

redegøre for

state

foretage

carry out

 

 

 

 

4 Relational

5 Extended abstract

analysere

analyze

afgrænse

delimit

begrunde

argue

bedømme

judge

forklare

explain

diskutere

discuss

sammenligne

compare, relate

estimere

estimate

eksemplificere

exemplify

evaluere

evaluate

sammenfatte

summarize

fortolke

interpret

tilpasse

adjust

forudsige

predict

udforme

work out, elaborate

kritisere

criticize

udlede

deduce

perspektivere

put into perspective

optimere

optimize

skønne

estimate

skelne

distinguish

vurdere

assess

planlægge

plan

ekstrapolere

extrapolate

konstruere

design

anbefale

recommend

modellere

model

 

 

strukturere

structure

 

 

syntetisere

synthesize